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 nouns - articles , plural and possessive

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laboudy yasser
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مُساهمةموضوع: nouns - articles , plural and possessive   الأربعاء مايو 20, 2009 5:03 am

Nouns - Articles, Plural and Possessive Case






Important things to keep in mind when using nouns are which article to use and how to form the plural and how to form the possessive case.


*Article


1)Definite article - the

example: the house


2)Indefinite article a / an


(a) - if the first letter of the following word is pronounced like a consonant

example: a car, a university

(an) - if the first letter of the following word is pronounced like a vowel

example:
an apple, an hour

*plural


general rule: singular form + s

example: a car - two cars


after s, ch, x, z the plural is formed by adding es

example: a box - two boxes


y after a consonant is changed to ie before the plural s

example: a city - two cities


But: y after a vowel is not changed

example: a boy - two boys


After o the plural is usually formed by adding es (this is not the case,

however, with words used for electric gadgets and music:
radio,
video, disco)

example: a tomato - two tomatoes



*Possessive Case of Nouns



adding 's (usually used for people) *Ronny's brother

of phrase ( usually used for things) *the name of the school


If there is a relation to people when using the possessive case with unanimated things, often the s is added instead of using an of phrase.

example: Germany's economy or the economy of Germany


When using the possessive case with a time, 's is added.

example: a three week's holiday





Exercises on Nouns
Possessive Case





Fill the gaps with the possessive case of nouns. Decide whether you have to use 's or an of phrase.

1. The boy has a toy. → It's the................... .

2. Peter has a book. → It's ......................

3. The magazine has my picture on its cover. → My picture is on..................... .

4. Our friends live in this house. → It's .

5. There is milk in the glass. → It's...................... .

6. This house has a number. → What is............................. ?

7. The walk lasts two hours. → It's......................... .

8. John has a sister, Jane. → Jane is..................... .

9. The film has a name, "Scream". → "Scream" is




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nouns - articles , plural and possessive
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